In 221 BCE, the Qin state conquered its neighbours and created the first unified Chinese empire in history. So began the imperial era, where dynasties claiming divine assent ruled for more than 2,000 years, until the last emperor abdicated in 1912.
It was a period of immense change and claims to consistency. As borders shifted and rulers struggled to exert control over every region of their diverse territories, elites held that they were inheritors of a rich, pre-imperial culture. But just as imperial China changed the world with the compass, printing, gunpowder, the gun and more, it too was changed when it came into contact with others through trade, exploration and war.
For anyone curious about imperial China, Peter Lorge introduces the major ruling dynasties, religions, arts, thinkers, inventions, military advancements, economic developments and historians of this fascinating period.