Many Americans associate Islam-and Islamist terrorism-exclusively with the greater Middle East. Yet the countries with the largest Muslim populations are actually located in Asia, where Islamic extremism is also a significant and growing concern. This volume provides essential background and surveys recent trends. It examines a variety of homegrown Asian terrorist groups, detailing their goals, methods, and links with international organizations such as al-Qaeda. It also outlines the options available to U.S. policymakers and to Asian governments as they attempt to stem the tide of militant Islam.