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An Essay in the History of the Radical Sensibility in America

Hawthorne, Melville, and Whitman

How do you use the word "radical?" Committed to the progressive? The cooperative? The communal? The equalitarian? 

In so far as social, political, and economic power is sought and wielded in malice, just so far is benevolence radical. The history of social, political, and economic power has been mostly the history of malice. The history of benevolence has been mostly the history of radicalism. The sensibility that loves benevolence has been a radical sensibility.
In An Essay in the History of the Radical Sensibility in America, L.S. Halprin argues that before the middle of the nineteenth century the work of all American radicals was organized to defend some form of sentimental faith in millennial progress; that the work of the great writers of the middle of the nineteenth century was the first to be fundamentally free of the constraints of sentimentality; that despite that generation’s accomplishments, the old sentimentalities have persisted, perpetuating the cycle in which illusions designed to make radicalism’s chances seem better than they are become the disillusions which make them seem worse.

Along the way, Halpern unfolds something of the contribution of Edgar Alan Poe, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, and Walt Whitman to the specific content of the radical sensibility in America. Since the middle of the nineteenth century, the radical’s work has been primarily to accomplish political power. That work and the frustrations of it often leave little energy for the pursuit of a thoroughgoing self-awareness. Halperin's analysis is particularly useful now to remind readers of both the sentimentalities and the wisdoms from which we come.

“L. S. Halprin conveys his thoughts about the struggle for human equality through a deep analysis of the great classics of American literature. His writing invites reflection on the links between one's private and one's public self. He has a welcoming style, alternately simple and complex, which yields often surprising insights, always with an eye to the permanent value of each literary moment.” —Victor Wallis, author of Red-Green Revolution (2018), Democracy Denied (2019) and Socialist Practice (2020)

“Through this learned survey of radical thought in American history Halprin convincingly demonstrates that what is lacking in our political and economic life, and is therefore radical, is kindness. His argument carries the reader through some of our finest literary minds, unearthing fresh insights into the political implications of their work.” —​Arthur Hoyle, author of Mavericks, Mystics, and Misfits: Americans Against the Grain, and The Unknown Henry Miller: A Seeker in Big Sur

"In his reading of the 18th and 19th century American writers—Edwards, Franklin, Emerson, Poe, Hawthorne, Melville, and Whitman—L. S. Halprin considers the developing of the radical sensibility in America. This book is as thought provoking as it is heartwarming.” —Zhu Jiaming, Chairman, the Chinese Institute of Digital Assets